Python Vs Scala: Comparison of Popular Programming Languages

The two different programming languages, Python and Scala, were designed for two different purposes. Python is a general-purpose language while Scala is specifically a functional programming language. They have similarities but are also very different in many ways. While they both have some disadvantages they are both still widely used and highly recommended languages by developers.

Introduction to Python

Python was originally created by Guido van Rossum, a Dutch programmer and a professor of Computer Science at the Language Institute of Python in Amsterdam. The language is designed to be easy to learn with an emphasis on readability and readability of code. It is often used for rapid prototyping or rapid development. One major difference between Python and other programming languages is the use of indentation as part of the syntax.

What is python used for?

Python is a powerful, general-purpose programming language. It is popular for its clear syntax, rich libraries, and rapid development pace. Python has a reputation for being relatively easy to learn for someone coming from another language. And as any experienced coder would tell you, you can use it to build a wide variety of applications from web apps and games to command-line tools.

Introduction to Scala

Scala was created at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in 2001 by Martin Odersky, Lars Hupel, and others. It is a multi-paradigm programming language starting with object-oriented programming then going into a functional style of programming. Scala runs on the Java Virtual Machine and can interoperate with other JVM-based languages such as Java, Clojure, and Groovy.

What is scala used for?

Scala is a general-purpose programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is used in large-scale applications such as Twitter, Netflix, LinkedIn, and Instagram. Scala can also be used as a standalone computer language for the development of new software applications. Scripts written in Scala can run on different operating systems of varying hardware architectures ranging from supercomputers to web servers. It’s no doubt that programmers across the world are clamoring to learn it because there is nothing like it out now.

Comparing Python and Scala

Here we take an in-depth look at the differences between the two, including features and advantages to see which one might be better for your next project or what you’re trying to accomplish right now.

Scala is an object-oriented language and a functional programming language, whereas Python is an imperative programming language. Scala is written in Java bytecode and python is compiled into bytecode. The syntax of these two languages differs slightly, but not enough to significantly impact the time it takes to become proficient in either language.

Programming Paradigms

Functional programming languages like Scala are based on lambda functions that reduce the number of steps needed for many operations.

Python is imperative in nature and uses statements that change the state of variables to perform operations. This can result in more complex syntax and more steps when performing certain functions but the overall processing time is still very fast in both languages.


Scala is written in Java bytecode, which means that programs created using Scala can be executed by a JVM. Python, on the other hand, is not similar to any other language besides itself.


There are more libraries available for Python (over 300 thousand) than Scala (over 67 thousand). Scala, however, has many in-built features like XML and JSON support that are not available in Python.

Development Time

Scala is harder to learn and use than Python because of the functional programming style it takes. Python is much easier to learn, but it is not as functional as Scala. The syntax and nature of the two languages result in very similar development times for both of them.

Development Environment

A good development environment for Scala is Eclipse, NetBeans IDE, and Intellij IDEA. Scala uses very little memory and works well with both 32 bit and 64 bit operating systems. In python, you’ll need to install the development environment to use code that requires external libraries like NumPy or SciPy.


Scala has been designed to have better performance than Python, but this isn’t always the case. This is due to the vastly different nature of the two languages.


Overall, Python and Scala are very similar programming languages and both are suitable for most projects and purposes. They provide a good amount of flexibility for creating programs that do many different things in an efficient manner.

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