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Typescript vs ES6: The Future of JavaScript

Typescript vs ES6

There’s been a lot of debate lately about whether to use Typescript or ES6 for software development projects. Some people argue that Typescript is the better option because it adds features that make object-oriented programming easier, while others contend that ES6 is more dynamic and thus better suited for complex applications. So which one should you use?

TypeScript is a powerful language that takes standard JavaScript and equips it with advanced tools like type annotations, interfaces, and more. Meanwhile ES6 (ECMAScript 2015) elevates traditional JS code to all-new heights via its cutting edge syntax, including arrow functions, template literals and destructuring capabilities!

What is TypeScript

TypeScript is a modern programming language that brings together the benefits of both static and object-oriented programming. It adds features such as interfaces and classes while making use of JavaScript’s dynamic, functional qualities.

By utilizing static typing, TypeScript makes code easier to understand, debug, maintain and refactor, allowing developers to write robust web and mobile applications more quickly and efficiently. It contains all the features included in ES6 (ECMAScript version 6), meaning applications developed with TypeScript can also be used with ES6 compliant browsers. Overall, TypeScript is a powerful language that helps developers build rich web applications in less time without sacrificing quality or productivity.

What is ES6

ES6 is one of the most prominent and widely-used variations of JavaScript, and is essential for developing large-scale applications. It adds a variety of features to the language, such as arrow functions, template literals, and promises.

ES6 enables developers to use block-level scoping, which can help keep data structures coherent. Its dynamic nature allows developers to make quick changes throughout their codebase—something that typescript struggles with. With all these features available, ES6 unlocks some serious potential for developers looking to create powerful web applications.

Comparison table of TypeScript vs ECMAScript 6 (ES6)

FeatureTypeScriptECMAScript 6 (ES6)
Type annotations and type checkingYesNo
Class-based object-oriented programmingYesYes (with prototype-based inheritance)
ModulesYesYes (with import/export statements)
Arrow functionsYesYes
JSX supportYes (with .tsx files)No

Difference between ES6 and TypeScript


Typescript has features such as interfaces and classes that allows you to structure code more easily, ES6 focuses on streamlining existing JavaScript with virtually no changes to its core syntax. ES6 eliminates some of the more verbose aspects of JavaScript, like certain common functions, in favour or quicker usage.

Conversely, Typescript’s features make it easier to implement complex structures and libraries, making your code more maintainable in the long run. Both languages offer a variety of syntactic possibilities depending on what end goal you are aiming for. When deciding which language might be most applicable for your project, you should consider both your short term goals and long term maintenance requirements.

Tooling support

Typescript offers access to a wide range of powerful tools such as integrated development environments (IDEs) and code editors, as well as type checking services that make code more reliable.

On the other hand, ES6 is less restrictive in terms of syntax and allows for more creativity. It has less tooling support but provides great connection with existing JavaScript libraries and frameworks via the NPM package manager.

Both languages offer robust solutions for achieving common objectives within web development, making them staples for many organizations.


TypeScript is static but object-oriented and can use classes, interfaces, and modules to structure code into larger, more manageable sections. By contrast, ES6 takes an entirely different approach: its focus on functions provides developers with powerful utilities such as first-class functions that can scale applications while they remain lightweight and fast to run.

Both languages provide their own advantages when it comes to scalability so it’s important to consider your project requirements before deciding which language is right for you.

Development speed

TypeScript is typically lauded for its object-oriented design, which allows for the gradual development of code and makes deployment faster than it might otherwise be. However, ES6 offers its own set of advantages; its dynamic, functional language allows works to be done with more syntactic sugar and less complexity – making development a breeze.

Thus, the choice between TypeScript and ES6 really boils down to the kind of project being created. If working on an enterprise application that requires strong type safety, then Typescript is likely the best fit; if speed is paramount and functions must be created quickly and efficiently then ES6 may be the better option.


With ES6 or ECMAScript 6, developers can write faster and more concise code with less time devoted to maintenance. On the flip side, TypeScript is a more structured language that helps developers maintain their code-base over time by providing features such as classes, interfaces and strong typing. With strong typing and support for object-oriented development, it’s easier for developers to keep track of their code, which makes debugging and refactoring more efficient.

Ultimately when deciding between TypeScript and ES6, it’s important to consider the needs of your project – will you require a highly maintainable static language? Or do you need the lightweight dynamism found in ECMAScript 6?


TypeScript and ES6 are both excellent choices for web development, and the two languages have many overlapping features. However, each language has its own strengths and weaknesses. In general, TypeScript is a good choice for large projects that require a lot of code refactoring, whereas ES6 is better suited for small projects or projects that require a higher degree of flexibility.

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